The Malay is the dominant race in Malaysia. The Malays are usually identified with their brown complexion, albeit there are some Malays who also possess fair complexion. The Malays are also notable for their kind and friendly character.
 

MALAY COSTUME

BAJU KURUNG
The Malay traditional costume for women is called the baju kurung. Baju kurung is more popular compared to other clothes. It is popular among the women because in Islam, women should not expose any part of the body except the face and the palms..
Nowadays, baju kurung can found in different styles: baju kurung labuh, baju kurung moden, baju kurung cekak, baju kurung kedah. Malay women enjoy wearing brightly coloured clothes. Sometimes, the baju kurung is matched with a suitable scarf.

BAJU KEBAYA
The baju kebaya is especially popular during the 60s among the Malay community. The baju kebaya is usually tailored according to vital statistics of the person wearing it. The baju kebaya is usually matched with kain songket or batik. In the olden days, it is normally a bit more tight and short but nowadays, the baju kebaya is bigger and may not follow the body shape of the wearer it.

BAJU KEBARUNG
The baju kebarung is actually not one the traditional clothes of the Malay community.
It is said that the baju kebarung is the combination of the baju kebaya and the baju kurung. The baju kebarung is similar to the baju kebaya. It is big like baju kurung, which is why it is called baju kebarung.

 

BAJU MELAYU
Baju Melayu is one of the clothes worn by the Malay men. Similar to the baju kurung and the kebaya,it is still worn by men especially on Fridays ,for the Fridays prayers. It is also worn for wedding ceremonies and other special occasions. During the olden days, the baju Melayu consist of only one colour but now,baju Melayu have lots of interesting designs. Some of them have batik designs . It is worn with a songkok, samping, or tengkolok,. Some even try to match the colour of the Baju Melayu to the colour of the songkok and samping . The Baju Melayu can also be worn with kain pelikat.

 


         

  Malays  celebrated  many  festivals  like  Hari  Raya  Puasa , Hari  Aldifiktri and Hari  Ramadan, just to give few examples. Before  the beginning of HARI RAYA celebration, the MALAYS are obliged by their religion to practice 'puasa' or fasting (except  children , old or weak people  and  pregnant  women) until the religious authorities declares the start of HARI RAYA. As a custom, the family usually travels back to their hometown or 'kampung' to celebrate the festival.  

  The official religion of the Malays is ISLAM. Hence, Malays need to pray five times a day and go to Mosque in Friday every week. The prayers are proceeded by reciting the verses in their Islamic bible or 'Al-quran'. According to Islamic teachings, the Malays can only consume kosher or 'Halal' foods which is generally prepared or processed according to appropriate    Islamic procedures. Malays are also forbidden to consume pork.

 

MALAY DANCE

MAK INANG DANCE
The Mak Inang originated during the period of the Malacca Sultanate. The song Mak Inang from which the dance derived its name was composed by the order of Sultan Mahmud Shah.The song and dance are very graceful and have all the qualities of a palace performance.This dance is also called Tarian Si Kembang Cina. Sometimes the dancers hold long scarves during the performance.
GAMELAN DANCE
This classical dance began in the courts of Riau and Lingga in the 17th century. It was first performed in Pekan Pahang in 1811 on the occasion of the marriage of Tengku Hussain, the son of Sultan Abdul Rahman of Lingga, to Wan Esah, the sister of Bendahara Ali of Pahang.
It was transferred to the court of Terengganu after Tengku Mariam, a Pahang princess married Tengku Sulaiman, the son of Tengku Zainal Abidin of Terengganu.
The dances, exclusively performed by girls, can be staged indoors or in the open.
Javanese elements are evident in the costumes of the dances. They are aesthetically beautiful and are the most luxurious of all Malay dance costumes.
 
JOGET DANCE
The Joget is the most popular traditional dance throughout Malaysia. It is performed at cultural festivals, wedding celebrations and other social functions. The Joget's origin has been traced back and associated with a Portuguese for the dance which was introduced to Malacca during the era of the spice trade. The Joget is performed by couples who combine fast hand and leg movements. It is a lively rendition with fast upbeat tempo and is greatly enjoyed by the young and old. It is usually performed during cultural celebrations and Malay weddings. In Malacca it is better known as Chakunchak
KUDA KEPANG DANCE
The kuda kepang is a peculiar dance feature from Johor. The dance was once a totemistic worship however with the spread of Islam, it renders the tale of nine Javanese men who spread the Islamic faith in the interiors of Java. In other to draw attention of the congregation, the nine Muslim evangelists rode on horse-back and dramatised stories of the battle waged and won for the cause of Islam. Kuda Kepang is performed by nine dancer who are seated astride a two dimensional horse made of hide or pleated rattan. The dancers re-enact the early Islamic battles in enthusiastic gestures and vigorous action. This dance drama is performed in accompaniment to rich and exotic rendition of traditional music played with indigenous instruments such as gongs, tambourines and angklungs.

MALAY FOOD

NASI DAGANG
It is a famous dish in the states of Kelantan and Terengganu. It usually taken during breakfast. The dish is made by cooking rice and glutinous rice together, to which coconut cream is added once it is cooked. Nasi Dagang is eaten with its own specially made side dishes of tuna fish curry and a light vegetable pickle.
KEROPOK LEKOR/KEPING
A popular and the most visible fried snack in Terengganu, the keropok is made of fish meat, ground to a paste, and mixed with sago. The famous keropok lekor is produced in Losong, Terengganu. Coming in two main different forms, the long chewy ones are called lekor, while the thin, crispy ones are called keping. Keropok is best eaten hot with its special chilli dip.
LAKSAM
A delightful yet simple dish, the laksam is akin to the western pasta dish. Like the latter, it has both the flour dough and the gravy that goes with it. However, unlike the pasta, laksam is made using both wheat and rice flours, and the dough is steamed instead of boiled. Laksam's gravy is made of fish meat, which is boiled, pureed, and later mixed with coconut milk. This food is usually popular in Kelantan and Terengganu. It is also loved by Malaysians.