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Kumaa Doid Diozu

Welcome to Everyone

Agayo tomod oh kounsikahan dagai do popolombus diti kopongintangan pasal do boros om koubasanan di Odu om Aki, sina kagon do tulun Dusun doid watas diti. Sabagi iso tinimungan, nountun om nowonsoi dagai oh kinitaan pasal noh do tuunion diti moi do kogunoon do isai-isai ih mongintong om mamanbasa.

It is with great pleasure that we present to you this page dedicated to the language and cultures of our native ancestors, the Kadazan Dusun folk of this land. As a team, we have put together this page as a useful source regarding the musical instruments of the Kadazan Dusun community.

Montok do kapamantangan kumaa tulun dii nokopogulu noh do minomonsoi toi ko minonodo do tuunion diti, pinosurat oh baboroson id boros do KadazanDusun. Orotian oh komoyon oh sinuratan diti id sinuratan do boros do Inggilis.

To respect the pioneer creators of these beautiful musical instruments, we have decided to write the text in Kadazan, with English subtittles to enhance your viewing and reading pleasures.

Boros Kadazan Dusun
The Language

Boros do KadazanDusun iso boros di olinud om osonong do moboros. Asanang ih do minsingilo do boros diti, nga maganu do anani timpu nung popoinralom do toilaan pasal do boros diti. Agayo ih kopio oh guno montok isai-isai tulun ih kiwaro tuninan do KadazanDusun do minsingilo do boros diti (sabab maid-laid ngaa tumagak oh boros diti.) tu au noh daa atogak oh boros do kointutunan do bansa diti.

The Kadazan Dusun language is a simple yet beautiful language to speak. No doubt, it takes a minute to learn, but a lifetime to master. It is important for each and every person who has a drop of Kadazan Dusun blood to master this declining language in order to progress and uphold the name of this race.

Maganu ikoi daa do konwatan do magangat kumaa omsanan tobpinai KadazanDusun do manampasi do boros om koubasanan id ginawo om rusod dido maya moboros, momurat om mambasa do boros diti sogigisom do pogigiyon do pansa tokou id pomogunan.

We wish to call out to all fellow Kadazan Dusun folks to let this language and culture live within your souls through speaking, writing and readin gthe language for the many generations to conceive.

Atagak o boros, atagak o koubasanan; Atagak o koubasanan, atagak o kointutunan;
Atagak o boros, atagak o pirotian; Atagak o pirotian, atagak o puinungan, pisohudungan om pibabasan;
Atagak o pibabasan, atagak o piobpinaian; Atagak o piobpinaian kopitongkiad o rikoton do rusodon.

Boros Kopongukaban

Pogun Sabah nopo nga iso watas Pulau Borneo. Kiwaro oh piro-piro boros do ipogun diti. Tulun mogigion doid pogun diti nabahagi doid lobi kurang limo nopod om limo o boros. Paganakan do Dusun nopo nga ih poingayo kopio mantad suai-suai paganakan. Boros Kadazan/Dusun, Rungus om Bisaya, om kiwaro po suai-suai poinsuang id paganakan diti.

The state of Sabah is located on the northern part of Borneo and has approximately fifty- five languages in numerous dialects. The people of the state is divided into various families according to the language spoken. The Dusunic family is the largest and contains fourteen languages which includes the central Kadazan/Dusun language, Rungus and Bisaya, to name a few.

Pogun Sabah opuhawang id ginimu do loyou toi ko sinding om nogi tunion. Irad do koubasanan di suai-suai kiwaro loyou piginavan, loyou susumangod, loyou totongonon om nogi sisindion. Ogumu nogi oh tunion ih okito om aanu tokou id koubasanan id Kadazan Dusun. Om tunion diti omilo do pounion do isai-sai nopo ih orohian do popouni. Nabahagi oh tunion diti id piro-piro oh bansa:

Sabah has a rich diversity in both vocal and instrumental music. Like many other cultures, there are many genres of vocal music including love songs, battle songs, epic tales and ritual chanting. Instrumental music on the other hand is as rich and complex as vocal music, with a variety of solo or ensembles music. Instruments may be played by either men or women and is divided into four main classifications :

( i ) Membranofon (Tuntungon)
( i ) Membranaphones

Ogumu toi ko mogisuai-suai oh membranofon id Sabah. Oroitan oh tunion diti dot gandang. Iso sopogandangan kiwaro oh iso gandang ih popolombus do tuni do tagung. Id watas Tambunan ointotunan oh gandang diti dot karatung.

There are several types of Membranophones found in Sabah. This instrument is known as the drums. Most gong ensembles have a drum to emphasize the main rythmic patterns. Drums from the interior such as in Tambunan called karatung. It is also known as gandang or gondang. It is usually shaped like a cylinder with a single head or cowhide or goatskin bound to the body.

( ii ) Idiofon (Tuntungon Tapapon)
( ii ) Idiophones

Tagung ih winonsoi mantad tambaga iso bansa tunion idiofon ih nointutunan id Sabah. Toiso-iso otagung diti kiwaro tumanud di kowoyo-woyo do koponuntungan dau. Iso sopogandangan kiginumu turu toi ko walu oh tagung tumanud koubasanan toiso-iso watas. Tumanud koubasanan tuntungon oh tagung diti miampai sayou do mogarang.

The most common types of idiophones are bronze or brass gongs. Every gong has a name denoting it's sound or the rythm it plays. One gong ensemble consits of seven to eight gongs depending on the community. One gong ensemble is the sopogandangan which is played as an accopaniment to magarang dancing in Tambunan or sumazau in Penampang.

( iii ) Aerofon (Sompuyon, Sougion)
( iii ) Aerophones

Id tunion ih roitan do aerofon, ogumu oh nowonsoi om nointutunan tumanud do kobasanan. Suling, turali, bungkau, turiding om sompoton poinsuang id tunion ih roitan do aerofon. Sompoton nopo nga iso tunion di nointutunan kopio id pogun Sabah.

Sabah has a wide avriety of traditional aerophones including short bamboo end-blown mouth flutes (suling); longer nose flutes (turali); jaw's harps which are variously named bunkau, uriding, or turiding; and mouth organs. The traditional mouth organ, or natively known as the sompoton, is most likely the best known aerophone from Sabah.

( iv ) Kordofon (Kombiton)
( iv ) Chordophones

Tunion kokombiton toi ko kordofon nopo nga ih roitan do tonkungon. Winonsoi oh tunion diti mantad poring. Posuon iso luang id tobik toi id pompod do langod do poring moi do ologod om oiyang oh tuni dau. Wiison toi ko laakon o kulit do poring diti do wonsoion kokombiton. Isopowagu tunion kokombiton ih roitan do sundatang. Tinan do sundatang winonsoi mantad guas do nangko. Sinakatan do duo doi kotolu tansi winonsoi mantad tambaga.

One of the chordophones used in Sabah is the tonkungon, a tube zither made from a node or large poring bamboo. A large hole is cut in the back or in the top to enhance resonance, and thin strips are cut in the surface to form strings or chords. Another instrument is called the sundatang, a long-necked double-stringed lute. It is made from nangko or jackfruit wood and has two or three brass strings.

Boos-boos Kotohuadan

1999 Sekolah Swasta Seri Insan